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RELATIONS (Religion and Moderation System): Method of Introducing Modernization Without Syncretism in the Application-Based Perspective of the Millennial Generation


Sumber: Relations Application

Indonesia is the country with the fourth most populous population in the world based on data from CNBC Indonesia 2023. With such a dense population, Indonesia is still able to maintain diversity in modern society. Diversity such as cultural diversity, family background, religion, and ethnicity interact with each other in the Indonesian community (Akhmadi 2019). Following these developments, Indonesia is slowly starting to adopt culture and culture from foreign countries. This is an inseparable part of the wider effects of globalization. Apart from that, Indonesia is also famous for its religious diversity. This is an important consideration where harmony between religious communities is not easy to maintain. In line with this, the Indonesian government, especially the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia, has launched a religious moderation movement. The main aim of this is to create harmony and tolerance between religious communities to avoid verbal and physical conflict and violence.

The word moderation comes from the Latin word moderĂ¢tio, which means moderation (no excess and no deficiency). In simpler language, moderation is the act of practicing religion appropriately. If we look at the meaning of moderation in the Big Indonesian Dictionary, the word moderation contains two meanings, namely 1. Reduction of violence, and 2. Avoidance of extremes, while the word moderate means always avoiding extreme behavior and tending towards the middle ground dimension. Meanwhile, in Arabic, moderation is known as the word wasath or wasathiyah, which has the equivalent meaning of the words tawassuth (middle), i'tidal (fair), and tawazun (balanced). People who apply wasathiyah principles can be called wasith. In Arabic too, the word wasathiyah is interpreted as "the best choice". Whatever words are used, they all imply the same meaning, namely fair, which in this context means choosing a middle-ground position between various extreme options (Nurdin, 2021).

Today's world cannot be separated from the influence and media of digital technology which is present massively. Society in the era of revolution 4.0 is characterized by increased use and familiarity with communication, media and digital technology, resulting in the birth of digital communities or virtual communities. The use of computer technology, mobile phones, social networks and super-sophisticated information technology is a characteristic of digital society. Namely a community that has a special character apart from living using and not being separated from completely digital information technology, social relations through massive social media, and experiencing an extraordinary digitalization process (Azman, 2021).

The millennial generation, especially teenagers or also known as generation Y, has different characteristics from the previous generation or generation Interest in conventional reading has now declined because the millennial generation prefers to use smartphones. The impact of dependence on technology makes Generation Y individualistic, lacking the ability to socialize with society because they prioritize virtual social media or not meeting face to face. This gives rise to a lack of good manners in society (Azman, 2021).

Advances in digital technology and the increasing use of social media have had social implications in society. The positive impacts include ease of finding information, joining communities, and self-actualization through social media. The development of online Islamic literature is increasing. Online literature is all religious knowledge that is available online, either through websites searched through the Google search engine or spread through social media, so it is not just limited to electronic books or ebooks. Islamic literature is distributed online by a group of Islamic activists to express an opinion on a problem or to mobilize the masses (Iswanto, 2018).

Through the Qur'an and al-Hadith, the Islamic religion has regulated the boundaries of interaction between religious communities. In fact, how we learn this and apply it to create social harmony with appropriate boundaries will provide positive results. On the other hand, the low literacy rate in Indonesia, especially for the younger generation, is still a major problem. Tolerance must grow accompanied by understanding and knowledge. So looking at the problems above, the author initiated RELATIONS: the concept of preaching the introduction of moderation without Sankratism through application-based social media in imitating the attitudes and morals of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam.

RELATIONS is an application-based da'wah concept created to learn how the attitudes and morals of the Prophet Muhammad can be imitated in social life. The main difference between this concept and other concepts is that RELATIONS presents video, photo, and audio content in the form of real-life problems. The main reason for the birth of this concept is how to become a Muslim who, apart from understanding the importance of tolerance in national life, also understands the limits of tolerance in Islam. So this idea will give birth to tolerance without syncretism (mixing up religions).

The main features of this application are as follows.

1.      Account Menu

The Account menu contains instructions for registering or logging into the account that has been created. This aims to store user data and points that have been obtained when you want to log in on another device.

2.      Home Menu

In this section, users can see photos, videos or audio posted by other users. Photos can be a collection of memes or illustrations that are interesting for young people. Videos can be comedic or formal that do not offend RAS but can be understood by users. Also in this menu display is an icon to move to the next menu.

3.      Learning Menu

This section is the main part of the application. The learning menu contains a collection of materials that users can access to strengthen their understanding of tolerance and Islamic teachings.

4.      Challenge Menu

The challenge menu contains challenges in starting a life with tolerance, quizzes about the Islamic religion and others which can add to the excitement of the application. Successfully completed challenges and quizzes will earn points which will go directly to the My Points menu.

5.      My Points Menu

The scores/grades that have been collected from challenges and quizzes will be stored in this section. The points you have earned can increase the user's status in the application. Includes beginners, experts, and geniuses which then influences other users' trust in the content and answers provided.

6.      Discussion menu

In this section, users can discuss problems occurring around them. How to deal with differences and ask questions that users are still confused about. Other users can provide input and discuss with the question creator. In this section, you will be presented with the option to discuss publicly or privately with other users. 

Differences and diversity are not actually something that is a disgrace to the Indonesian people. Diversity is a manifestation of this nation as the Indonesian Archipelago. The motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika would never have been born without differences. Let's respect every decision that other people make. As followers of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam, we are required to imitate his praiseworthy morals in social life. Islam is not a terrorist group. For this reason, let's create harmony between religious communities in order to become better individuals, obedient to leaders and tolerant without syncretism. Through this idea, it is hoped that it can be a solution to improve harmony between religious communities. With RELATIONS "Noble and Characteristic”.

Writer: Muhamad Redi (3nd Winner International Essay Competition)

From  : University of Mataram

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